What does A&B mean in MEDICAL

Apnea and Bradycardia are two serious medical conditions that can affect newborns. Both conditions require prompt medical attention to avoid potentially serious complications. This article will explain what apnea and bradycardia are, how they are diagnosed, and potential treatments for each condition.


A&B meaning in Medical in Medical

A&B mostly used in an acronym Medical in Category Medical that means Apnea and Bradycardia

Shorthand: A&B,
Full Form: Apnea and Bradycardia

For more information of "Apnea and Bradycardia", see the section below.

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Essential Questions and Answers on Apnea and Bradycardia in "MEDICAL»MEDICAL"

What is Apnea?

Apnea is a condition where breathing stops for at least 20 seconds or longer during sleep or while awake. It can be caused by floppy larynx tissue, obstruction of the airway, or poor respiratory control. Babies with apnea often have other underlying health problems such as cardiac defects or infection.

What is Bradycardia?

Bradycardia is a condition characterized by an abnormally slow heart rate usually lower than 60 beats per minute in babies younger than one month of age and lower than 80 beats per minute in older infants. This can be caused by infection, medication side effects, metabolic disorders such as hypothyroidism, or congenital heart defects.

How is Apnea diagnosed?

Apnea may be suspected if your newborn pauses her breathing during sleep for more than 20 seconds multiple times during a night. To confirm the diagnosis your doctor may order an overnight polysomnography which measures several body functions including breathing patterns and oxygen levels in the blood.

How is Bradycardia treated?

The treatment for bradycardia depends on its cause and severity, but may include medications such as atropine or epinephrine to help increase heart rate, implantation of a pacemaker to regulate heart rate, and lifestyle changes such as avoiding caffeine or changing feeding schedules. In some cases surgery may also be necessary to correct any underlying structural issues causing the condition.

Are there any long-term complications associated with either condition?

Yes, both apnea and Bradycardia can cause long-term complications depending on their severity and how long they go untreated before diagnosis. In babies with apnea brain damage due to oxygen deprivation can occur if left untreated while bradycardia can lead to arrhythmias and even sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Final Words:
Apnea and Bradycardia are two serious medical conditions that require immediate medical attention in order to prevent long-term health consequences in newborns. If you suspect your baby has either condition it is important to seek medical care right away so that proper treatment can begin as soon as possible.


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