What does A mean in BRITISH MEDICINE
Alleles are an important component of Mendelian genetics, which is based on the transmission of certain genetic traits from parents to offspring. Put simply, an allele is a variant form of a gene that produces different characteristics. In humans, these genes are determined by the combinations of alleles inherited from each parent. Alleles can be dominant or recessive. Dominant alleles will express themselves more over recessive alleles, resulting in the physical and/or behavioural traits displayed in people.
A meaning in British Medicine in Medical
A mostly used in an acronym British Medicine in Category Medical that means allele
Full Form: allele
For more information of "allele", see the section below.
The abbreviation A stands for “allele” in medical terms. An allele refers to one of two or more variations of a gene at a specific location on a chromosome. Alleles occur when there is variation in the sequence of nucleotides (DNA) of gene copies (alleles) that can exist at the same place on a chromosome. Variations in alleles can lead to differences in trait expression such as colour and size.
The full form for A is “allele”. Alleles are responsible for determining traits such as eye colour and hair colour when inherited from both parents during reproduction. Alleles come in pairs with one coming from each parent and can be either dominant or recessive, meaning they have differing levels of expressing the particular trait they control. For example, brown eyes are dominant over blue eyes because brown eyes tend to express themselves more than blue eyes due to their dominance level.
Essential Questions and Answers on allele in "MEDICAL»BRITMEDICAL"
What is an allele?
An allele is a variant form of a gene. Every living organism inherits two alleles for each gene, one from each parent. These alleles can be the same or different, and they control the trait or characteristics of the organism.
Can alleles be dominant or recessive?
Yes, alleles can either be dominant or recessive. Dominant alleles are those that dominate and show up in an organism's physical traits when paired with any other version of the same gene. Recessive alleles become visible only when they are paired with another copy of the same recessive allele.
What are homozygous and heterozygous alleles?
Homozygous alleles are two identical copies of a gene present in an individual while heterozygous alleles are two different copies of a gene present in an individual. A person who carries both forms of a particular gene is said to be heterozygous for that gene, whereas someone who only has one form (i.e., either homozygous dominant or homozygous recessive) is said to be homozygous for that gene.
How do we know if an allele is recessive or dominant?
In general, dominant traits come from one parent, while recessive traits come from both parents. If a trait comes from both parents then it is usually considered to be recessive, as this means that both copies of the gene must have been mutated in order for the trait to appear.
How do genes and alleles affect us physically?
Genes and alleles work together to create our physical appearance and personality traits such as eye color, height, hair color and texture, skin color, body type and other characteristics including facial expressions and intelligence levels which can all be influenced by our inherited genes and/or our environment.
What kind of diseases can be caused by defective genes/alleles?
Defective genes/alleles can cause a variety diseases including genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis, Huntington’s disease, sickle cell anemia as well as syndromes like Down syndrome. Diseases due to faulty DNA sequences could affect organs which could later lead to organ failure or cancer
In summary, A stands for "allele", which is a variant form of a gene that produces different characteristics depending on its inherited state – dominant or recessive – from both parents during reproduction. Therefore, A has significant implications for understanding hereditary patterns and inheritance across generations within species like humans and other animals alike.
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